Cognitive Sensor Technologies

Beyond 5G – Is it time to start thinking about 6G?

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Communications Systems 24.11.2020

As Head of the Department of Broadband and Broadcast, Bernhard Niemann coordinates the activities of Fraunhofer IIS in relation to 5G. In this capacity, he focuses on the potential uses of 5G in new areas of application, such as Industry 4.0 and automated driving.

Interview with Bernhard Niemann, Head of the Department of Broadband and Broadcast at Fraunhofer IIS

Can computed tomography speed up automobile development?

Development Center X-Ray Technology EZRT / 16.11.2020

RoboCT
© Fraunhofer IIS/Paul Pulkert

At the Fraunhofer Development Center for X-ray Technology (EZRT), Wolfgang Holub designs robotic systems able to perform CT scans of entire vehicles. The innovation earned Holub and his team this year’s User Prize awarded by the German Society for Non-Destructive Testing.

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At the heart of "X-ray fever"

Development Center X-Ray Technology EZRT / 16.11.2020

Hochenergie-Halle
© Fraunhofer IIS/Paul Pulkert

How the discovery of X-rays changed the Nuremberg metropolitan region and the world.

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AI series: Edge AI FAQ

Fraunhofer IIS / 12.11.2020

© istock.com Kaikoro

Artificial intelligence gives technical systems the ability to learn, thus enabling them to apply what they have learned to new situations. Typically, the “intelligence” is not stored in the system itself, but rather in clouds that provide the high computing power required. The common term is therefore cloud artificial intelligence, or cloud AI. But people are also hearing more and more about edge AI.

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How do we set up crisis-resistant supply chains in the time of coronavirus?

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Supply Chain Services / 23.9.2020

Uwe Veres-Homm
© Fraunhofer IIS/Karoline Glasow
Supply in the event of a crisis is a complex task. Uwe Veres-Homm researches strategies for logistics.

Uwe Veres-Homm is Business Unit Coordinator for logistics, transport and mobility topics in the Fraunhofer Center for Applied Research on Supply Chain Services SCS. He explains how supply can work in times of crisis.

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Consortium project in Saxony AI: understand – apply – benefit

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Engineering of Adaptive Systems / 12.9.2020

© Fraunhofer IIS

Anne Loos explains how companies can benefit from the Saxony consortium project.

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Year of the X-ray 2020: Can airplanes get X-rayed?

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Development Center X-ray Technology EZRT / 7.9.2020

XXL-Computertomographie des Raketenjägers Me 163
© Fraunhofer MEVIS
Fraunhofer IIS examined the rocket fighter Me 163 Messerschmitt using XXL computer tomography.

Michael Salamon was instrumental in setting up the world’s only XXL computed tomography system at the Fraunhofer Development Center X-ray Technology EZRT in Fürth, a division of the Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits IIS. He and his team use it to scan large, often spectacular objects and are developing new applications for high-energy computed tomography.

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Year of the X-ray 2020: Can X-ray technology help plants withstand climate change?

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Development Center X-ray Technology EZRT / 4.9.2020

Phänotypisierung von Pflanzen
© Fraunhofer MEVIS
How do you breed plant varieties that can adapt well to climatic changes? The researchers in Fürth are investigating this question.

Stefan Gerth is a researcher and group manager at the Fraunhofer Development Center for X-Ray Technology in Fürth. He oversees the development of CT systems to aid the selection of heat-tolerant crops. His group's research makes an important contribution to the efforts of plant breeders to respond to the threat of climate change.

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From the analytical engine to AI – Ada's story

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / 16. Juni 2020

Ada Lovelace
© Source: Wikipedia

Ada Lovelace is the name giver of the ADA Lovelace Center, which combines AI research with AI applications. But who was this Ada and what distinguishes her as a pioneer in the evolution of data processing? In this story, "she herself" tells us how computers and data processing have developed.

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AI series: Mining data to extract knowledge

Cognitive sensor technologies / 5.6.2020

© Fraunhofer IIS/Paul Pulkert

Prof. Alexander Martin is head of the Fraunhofer IIS and also in charge of the co-located ADA Lovelace Center. He and his team are looking into ways to extract information from big data using artificial intelligence (AI).

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AI series: Machine learning drives industrial projects forward

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Postioning and Networks / 7.2.2020

Dr. Christopher Mutschler
© Fraunhofer IIS/Manuela Wamser

Dr. Christopher Mutschler is one of the AI experts at Fraunhofer IIS. He researches machine learning and ensures that scientific findings make their way into industry. In this interview, Ilona Hörath reflects on his career path and field of work.

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5G technologies for a range of use cases

Cgonitive Sensor Technlogies / Communication Systems / Positioning and Networks / 25.11.2019

© Fraunhofer IIS/Karoline Glasow
Prof. Albert Heuberger, Director of Fraunhofer IIS: "It is our job to give industry access to the latest technologies."

Prof. Albert Heuberger, Director of Fraunhofer IIS, explains the significance of research in the development and use of 5G and how it can benefit users.

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Paradigm shift in applied research

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / 12.9.2019

Multipath problem
© Fraunhofer IIS/Franziska Köhler, Paul Pulkert

Fraunhofer solutions for customers will look different in the future: where conventional programming has tended to reach its limits, the institute is investigating new AI approaches. Read here how AI is elevating research at Fraunhofer IIS to a new plane.

Near-sensor AI: Generating sensor data of outstanding quality

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Development Center X-ray Technology EZRT / 19.6.2019

Dr. Norman Uhlmann, deputy divisional director at Fraunhofer EZRT
© Fraunhofer IIS / Paul Pulkert

The use of artificial intelligence (AI) is playing an increasingly important role in research. Dr. Norman Uhlmann, Deputy Division Director at Fraunhofer EZRT, discusses the prospect of using AI at a level close to sensors.

“We’re determined to be in on the act”

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / 16.5.2019

Prof. Albert Heuberger, Dr. Bernhard Grill, directors of Fraunhofer IIS
© Fraunhofer IIS/Peter Roggenthin
Prof. Albert Heuberger and Dr. Bernhard Grill want to advance AI technologies at Fraunhofer IIS in such a way that they benefit industry and users.

In this interview, Prof. Albert Heuberger and Dr.  Bernhard Grill explain why the time is ripe for artificial intelligence and how AI can make technological developments for customers even more beneficial.

“It would be great if by using alternative examination options we could completely avoid damage caused by radiation.”

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Development Center X-ray Technology EZRT / 30.01.2019

© Fraunhofer IIS

In collaboration with the Universitätsklinikum Erlangen and the University of Bonn, Fraunhofer IIS researchers have succeeded in applying magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in orthodontics. This gentle method has the potential to replace the current common use of harmful X-ray radiation. We spoke with Dr. Daniel Haddad about this breakthrough that has also been honored by the European Federation of Orthodontics FEO.

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“People with cardiac arrhythmia are often unaware that anything is wrong.”

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Smart Sensing and Electronics / 12.12.2018

© Fraunhofer IIS
Florian Dennerlein (left) and Christian Hofmann with the intelligent sports shirt.

With its FitnessSHIRT, Fraunhofer IIS has developed a prototype that can measure a range of different vital signs. The ambiotex company has turned the shirt into a market-ready product. In an interview, the company’s CEO Florian Dennerlein and Christian Hofmann from Fraunhofer IIS explain why the shirt is better than a sports watch, and what people who exercise can expect in the future.

“We can develop assistance systems that tell people if their pasta sauce is still OK to eat.”

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Smart Sensing and Electronics / 20.11.2018

© iStock.com/PeopleImages
Im »Campus der Sinne Erlangen« wollen die Fraunhofer-Institute IIS und IVV sowie die Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg gemeinsam mit Unternehmen menschliche Sinneserfahrungen erforschen und digital umsetzen.

For the fourth time in a year, Mr. Winter is sick in bed with an upset stomach. He had no way of knowing that the pasta sauce from the day before had gone bad: an infection he contracted a few years ago has robbed him of his senses of smell and taste. The Campus of the Senses is working on ways to digitally simulate the human senses. In our interview, the initiators of the Campus Prof. Albert Heuberger, Prof. Andrea Büttner and Dr. Jens-Uwe Garbas talk about assisting people with perception impairments and the difficulties inherent in the research.

The Machine Learning Forum brings brings experts and users together

Positioning and Networks / Cognitive Sensor Technologies / 8.11.2018

Dr. Stefan Bart, Stabilo GmbH im Interview
© Fraunhofer IIS/Paul Pulkert
Dr. Stefan Barth von der Stabilo GmbH nutzt Maschinelles Lernen, um Stiften das Lesen beizubringen

The Machine Learning Forum is a twice-yearly networking platform for industry and research. At the event on September 28, 2018 at Fraunhofer IIS in Nuremberg, we asked participants how they use machine learning in their companies.

The IoT enters the world of industry

Positioning and Networks / Cognitive Sensor Technologies / 11.7.2018

© Fraunhofer IIS/Karoline Glasow
Dr. Günter Rohmer is head of the Positioning and Networks Division.

Companies look to the Internet of Things (IoT) for reliable solutions that can be retrofitted to their applications. In an interview Dr. Günter Rohmer, head of the Positioning and Networks division, explained the key objectives for the IoT in industrial environments and set out the next milestones on the path towards Industry 4.0.

X-ray develops into a cognitive sensor

Development Center X-ray Technology / Cognitive Sensor Technologies / 11.7.2018

© Fraunhofer IIS
Robot-based CT systems are able to inspect large components quickly and accurately.

Of the systems capable of monitoring large components such as whole car bodies, none have so far been suitable for an application for series production. Now, with RoboCT, we can inspect these components quickly and accurately. At the same time, this robot-based computed tomography (CT) system also represents the first step towards cognitive sensor systems in this field. In addition to applications in the automotive and aerospace industries, the system is to be used, for example, to inspect the condition and completeness of returned goods ordered online – without having to open them.

Modular sensor technology for SMES

Engineering of Adaptive Systems EAS / Cognitive Sensor Technologies / 11.7.2018

© Fraunhofer IIS

The Internet of Things (IoT) presents small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) with almost insurmountable hurdles – and widens the digital divide between them and large corporations. This is set to change in the future thanks to a sensor platform that will allow smaller companies to occupy market niches in the IoT sector and to hold their own against international competitors.

Data analytics – what is it and how does it benefit industry?

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Supply Chain Services / 7.6.2018

Prof. Alexander Martin, interviewed by Daniela Rembor, Fraunhofer IIS.
© Fraunhofer IIS/Isabel Pogner
“Using data analytics, we can uncover treasures companies never knew they had.” Prof. Alexander Martin, interviewed by Daniela Rembor, Fraunhofer IIS.

“Data analytics itself is nothing new,” says Prof. Alexander Martin. “What is new is that we’re working with enormous quantities of data and that the methods available are getting better all the time. This means we can gather and analyze the data in a meaningful way.” The industrial mathematician uses video and text to explain exactly what this looks like and how it can lead to successful business decisions.

“5G will bring far-reaching changes”

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Communications Systems / 13.3.2018

Gebäude des Fraunhofer IIS mit Sendemast
© Fraunhofer IIS
5 G – Schlüsseltechnologie für Industrie 4.0.

5G is much more than the follow-up to 4G. We spoke with expert Bernhard Niemann about what the next generation of wireless networks can do better, what it will make possible, when it will be available, and what role Fraunhofer IIS is playing in the 5G rollout.

The idea and development of the ultra-low power RFicient® wake-up receiver

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Smart Sensing and Electronics 19.1.2018

© Fraunhofer IIS
A wakeUp radio module powered by a strawberry battery.

The Internet of Things requires a lot of wireless receivers. How can we design them so that they save energy and don’t need much maintenance? Dr. Frank Oehler and Dr. Heinrich Milosiu have been dealing with this question since June 2007. Here is the development story of the RFicient® wireless receiver chip, which receives signals continuously, but consumes just one-thousandth of the electricity used by an LED.

“It’s our duty to positively shape digitalization”

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / 20.12.2017

© Fraunhofer
Prof. Albert Heuberger discusses the significance of emotional intelligence in digitalization.

Artificial intelligence offers numerous opportunities. At a Fraunhofer event dedicated to this topic, Prof. Albert Heuberger discussed how “affective computing” offers opportunities for industry, services, and human-machine interfaces.

“It will have a massive impact on the economy and society”

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / 10.11.2017

© Fraunhofer IIS

Cognitive Sensor Technologies is one of the Institute’s two guiding topics, along with Audio and Media Technologies. In this interview director Prof. Albert Heuberger reflects on the opportunities which present themselves for industry and economy and how people encounter them in their everyday lives, too.

“Technology forces us to reflect on ourselves”

Point of view / Cognitive Sensor Technologies / 10.11.2017

© Fraunhofer IIS
Dr. Dr. Albrecht Fritzsche ist promovierter Mathematiker und Philosoph.

The digitalization of our economy and society is a dominant feature of modern life. We spoke with Dr. Dr. Albrecht Fritzsche who holds a doctorate in mathematics and philosophy and is a member of the scientific council at the Institute of Information Systems at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg. We discussed on how digital transformation from a philosophical point of view will change our society, how humans and technology will interact in the future, and the responsibility we carry for these developments.

Digitally connected villages make rural life even more attractive

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Supply Chain Services SCS / 30.10.2017

© Fraunhofer IIS
The IIS team at the village fair in Reuth, from left: Peter Heusinger, Alexander Gabber, Annemarie Wojtech and Martin Schmid.

Fraunhofer IIS employees asked residents of rural communities in the Upper Palatinate to contribute their ideas for a mobile village store.

Manual panoramic microscopy with iStix®

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Smart Sensing and Electronics / 23.10.2017

© Fraunhofer IIS
iStix® creates a continuous, panoramic view of microscopy images.

Fraunhofer IIS has developed a low-cost alternative to whole slide imaging scanners for the digitization of prepared microscope slides. The institute is currently looking for partners to help further develop, evaluate and market the iStix® software.

Determine how fit you are with the FitnessSHIRT

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Smart Sensing and Electronics / 21.8.2017

© Fraunhofer IIS
Christian Weigand explains the FitnessSHIRT.

The FitnessSHIRT accurately monitors parameters such as heart rate variability (HRV) and your pulse – without an additional strap. Our employee Heiko Wörrlein tested the shirt on a training run in the Tennenlohe Forest near Nürnberg, and talked with chief of development Christian Weigand to find out more about the shirt’s potential applications and the data it collects.

Looking inside a piano

Cognitvie Sensor Technologies / Development Center X-ray Technology / 23.6.2017

Dr. Theobald Fuchs and his colleagues at the Development Center for X-ray Technology EZRT are working with the Germanisches Nationalmuseum to develop standards for the computed tomography of musical instruments. Fuchs explains why this work is much more important than one might initially think.

© Photo: Fraunhofer IIS
This kind of computed tomography imagery of old musical instruments is of interest to historians and conservators – and not least to musicians themselves.

The assistant that lives in the tool – Ensuring quality in assembly

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Positioning and Networks / 23.6.2017

Intelligent tools increase quality in assembly. © BMW Group
© BMW Group
Intelligent tools increase quality in assembly. An insight into the BMW Group plant in Regensburg.

Using a solution developed by the Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits IIS, the BMW Group in Regensburg is now giving their production assemblers digital assistants directly on their tools. The case in point: hand-guided electric screwdrivers. For every assignment, the tool tells its operator whether all screwing procedures for a given job were properly carried out. Done!

Automated X-rays

Cognitvie Sensor Technologies / Development Center X-ray Technology / 23.6.2017

Place the object inside, push the button and collect the CT scan. Taking an X-ray is that simple with ValuCT. Good collaboration among three partners played a crucial role in developing this technology.

 

 

© Fraunhofer IIS/Franziska Köhler
Automated X-rays with ValuCT.

"Individual products are no longer the focus"

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / 8.3.2017

© Fraunhofer IIS/David Hartfiel
Management of the institute: Professor Albert Heuberger (right) and Dr. Bernhard Grill.

Imagine your daily life without a smartphone. No emails, no quick online purchases. If that sounds difficult, you’re not alone; most people probably feel the same. It is almost impossible to imagine our society without digitalization now, and the process is set to continue. Our editorial team spoke to the institute’s directors, Professor Albert Heuberger and Dr. Bernhard Grill, to learn about the emerging digital trends and what we can contribute to them.

The interview

Satellite communication of the future

Cognitive Sensor Technolgoies / Communication Systems / 8.3.2017

© Fraunhofer IIS/David Hartfiel
Recording a constellation diagram in the antenna measurement hall.

Space is teeming with satellites. They allow us to receive TV shows, give us Internet access on planes and ships, and keep communications going during disasters. We are working on a range of developments that will make this kind of communication more efficient, more flexible, and more stable in the future.

Smart data: the future of logistics

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Supply Chain Services / 8.3.2017

© Fraunhofer IIS/David Hartfiel
Smart transportation processes in the L.I.N.K. Test and Apllication Center in Nürnberg.

The Internet and containers are two obvious innovations that have revolutionized logistics over the past decades. They linked up the world, created new and bigger markets, and ultimately drove enormous growth in global trade. Thanks to them, the world has become smaller. They also expanded economic opportunities – although only for businesses that recognized the potential of these innovations early on and mastered the full repertoire of possibilities presented by this new age. This is why it is so important to know today what the state of the art will be tomorrow. To do that, however, we have to know what innovations are on the horizon.

“Industry is being transformed”

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / 8.3.2016

© Fraunhofer IIS/Karoline Glasow
Prof. Albert Heuberger, Director of Fraunhofer IIS.

A revolution is coming to factories and assembly halls. It goes by the name of Industry 4.0. First factories were mechanized and the electrified, and then IT systems were introduced to support business processes. Now the fourth generation of manufacturing has arrived in the form of industry 4.0. In this interview, Prof. Albert Heuberger explains what the term means and what Fraunhofer IIS can achieve in this area.

The Intelligence of Objects

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Communication Systems / Positioning and Networks / 8.3.2016

© Fraunhofer IIS/David Hartfiel
The wireless communications technology MIOTY allows garbage cans to automatically recognize how full they are and can provide garbage collectors with an optimized route plan.

The quality of cleverness is something we generally attribute to people. Now objects are set to become intelligent too – and not just individual smart objects considered in isolation, but as a networked whole. For ex- ample, objects will be able to determine their “condition” themselves and “talk” to each other. Researchers at Fraunhofer IIS are developing the basic technologies required for this Internet of Things – and are doing so for the entire chain of applications.

Combined Forces

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / 8.3.2016

© Fraunhofer IIS/David Hartfiel
In the Leistungszentrum Elektroniksysteme (LZE), research and industry are pulling together.

The course is set: now the Leistungszentrum Elektroniksysteme (LZE) (High Performance Center for Electronic Systems) is embarking on its mission to establish itself as the leading center for electronic systems in Germany. Energy saving and energy efficiency – this strategic collaboration between research and industry is focused on nothing less than these key economic and social topics of the future. Something is happening at the heart of the Nürnberg Metropolitan Region about which others can only dream: world- class research with a well-defined practical orientation.

X-Rays in the fast lane

Cognitive Sensor Technologies / Development Center X-ray Technology / 8.3.2016

© Fraunhofer IIS/David Hartfiel
EZRT X-ray technologies test the insides of components in record time, ensuring their safety and quality.

X­ray technologies are excellently suited to the task of revealing even tiny defects or processes inside materials. To provide industry with suitable tools, the Development Center for X­ray Technology (EZRT), a division of Fraunhofer IIS, defines and expands the state of the art in the field of non­ destructive testing all along the product life cycle. Over the past year, re- searchers at the center have published many innovative new concepts. The researchers are especially proud of two new technologies: “HeiDetect Inline CT Compact R” and “MULIX”

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