What is Light-field Technology?
A light-field is defined by the number of light rays within a specific area. If all light rays are captured within a scene, this makes it possible to generate a perspective from any position, including the reconstruction of all depth of field information. Although it's not possible to capture a complete light-field with current technologies, a large portion can still be acquired under special conditions. This is a major advantage when editing scenes during the subsequent postproduction process. Researchers in the Moving Picture Technologies department at Fraunhofer IIS are already demonstrating how scenes can be optimized using a limited number of perspectives and how light-field technology opens up new creative opportunities.
Currently, researchers rely on a set up with professional cameras in a planar arrangement that capture slightly different scene perspectives and from which information such as the depth of field can be extracted. This makes it possible to shift the perspective and implement special effects such as virtual camera panning and zooming, all with a single light-field recording.