With the upcoming 5G standard, enhanced requirements of future applications in the field of Industry 4.0, IoT or Logistics 4.0 can be fulfilled. To achieve this, 5G targets latencies of a few milliseconds, data rates up to 20 gigabits per second, extremely high network reliability, and better accuracy in positioning. With location awareness becoming an essential feature of many new markets, positioning is consequently considered as an integral part of the system design of upcoming 5G mobile networks. By this, the new mobile communications standard will change our daily life with a continuously rising number of applications in Smart City and Smart Building.
The 5G positioning framework will thereby integrate a multitude of sensors based on both, cellular signals and 3GPP independent techniques, into a hybrid positioning scheme. 5G New Radio (NR) can allow for a groundbreaking positioning performance by providing large bandwidths for precise timing, new frequency bands at mm-wave, massive MIMO for accurate angle of arrival estimation and new architectural options supporting especially positioning. In this regard, 5G can be used for the navigation in car parks or shopping malls and for the localization of a steadily growing number of cognitive mobile sensors. But above all, 5G positioning can bring huge benefits to industrial and logistics processes. This becomes possible by enabling the localization of Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV) and drones (UAV), by the tracking of components in intralogistics scenarios, and by the use of 5G positioning in AR/VR applications.
In- and outdoor positioning at the Fraunhofer IIS can draw on 20 years of experience in several technologies like RSSI, TDOA, AoA and multi-sensor fusion.